The course will enable students to acquire a basic knowledge of the theoretical and practical problems of social, economic and political systems in the past and present.
The course focuses primarily on systems of the 20th century, their philosophical roots and ethical dilemmas in the system of popular movements. The introduction of the course will focus on laying the theoretical basis for the examination of political systems and will introduce the basic models, types, forms of state and political regimes. These categories are then brought in line for the closer analysis of specific systems. systems.
Syllabus of the course: 1) The definition and explanation of basic concepts (state, society, social system, etc.); 2) Political philosophy: Greek and Roman traditions, selected chapters of medieval political-philosophical concepts; 3) Political, social and economic regimes – a general overview; 4) Theory of non-democratic regimes and analysis of their specific forms; 5) Democracy and its forms, electoral systems of, parliamentary vs. presidential regimes; 6) Basic models of economic systems – a market economy, state-controlled economy; 7) Character of European political, social and economical systems, 8) Non-European area – undemocratic regimes and their economic models; 9) Non-European areas – transitions to democracy, the challenge of economic transformation, established democracies.
BERTRAND, B., GUY, H. Politique comparée. Paris 1990.
BLONDEL, J. Comparative Government. An Introduction. London 1990.
GABRIEL, A., POWEL, G. B. Comparative Politics. Boston 1960.
DAHRENDORF, R. Der moderne soziale Konflikt. München 2004.
LIEBER, H. – J. (Hrsg.) Politische Theorien von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Bonn 1993.
WALLERSTEIN, I. The Politics of the World-Economy. Cambridge 1984.
WALLERSTEIN, I. Geopolitics and Geoculture. Esseys on the changing World-System. Cambridge 1991.